Edible Wild Plants

Baobab

Baobab (Adansonia digitata) The baobab, also known as the dead-rat tree, monkey-bread tree, or upside-down tree, tree may grow as high as 18 meters (60 feet) and may have a trunk 9 meters (30 feet) in diameter. The tree has short, stubby branches and a gray, thick bark. Its leaves…
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Edible Wild Plants

Bamboo – how to identify bamboo and use for food, weapons, tools, shelters, and more

There are several varieties of bamboo including Bambusa, Dendrocalamus, Phyllostachys. Edible bamboos are woody grasses that grow up to 15 meters (50 feet) tall. The leaves are grasslike and the stems are the familiar bamboos used in furniture and fishing poles. Where to Find: Look for bamboo in warm, moist regions…
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Edible Wild Plants

Bael Fruit

Bael Fruit (Aegle marmelos) This is a tree that grows from to meters (8 to 15 feet) tall, with a dense spiny growth. The fruit is 5 to 10 centimeters (2 to 4 inches) in diameter, green, gray or yellowish, and full of #160; The Bael fruit has a smooth,…
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Edible Wild Plants

Asparagus

Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) The spring growth of this edible plant resembles a cluster of green fingers. The mature plant has fernlike, wispy foliage and red berries. Its flowers are small and greenish in color. Several species have sharp, thornlike #160; The plant grows from 39-59 inches tall with stout stems…
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Edible Wild Plants

Arrowroot

Arrowroot (Maranta and Sagittaria species) The arrowroot is an aquatic plant with arrow-shaped leaves and potatolike tubers in the #160; The Sagittaria species is sometimes referred to as Arrowhead, Katnisss, Swan Potato, Tule Potato, or Duck #160; The Maranta species is about two feet high with small white flowers and…
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Edible Wild Plants

Arctic Willow

Arctic Willow (Salix arctica) The arctic willow is a shrub that never exceeds more than 60 centimeters (24 inches) in height and grows in clumps that form dense mats on the #160; This low growing shrub has round, shiny green leaves with long silky, silvery #160; The plant’s catkins (slim,…
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Edible Wild Plants

Amaranth

Amaranth (Amaranthus species) These plants, which grow 90 to 150 centimeters (35 to 60 inches) tall, are abundant weeds in many parts of the world. All amaranth have alternate simple leaves. They may have some red color present on the stems. They bear minute, greenish flowers in dense clusters at…
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Edible Wild Plants

Almond

Almond (Prunus amygdalus) The almond tree, which sometimes grows to meters (40 feet), looks like a peach tree. The fresh almond fruit resembles a gnarled, unripe peach and grows in clusters. The stone (the almond itself) is covered with a thick, dry, woolly skin. When flowering, they will have many…
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Edible Wild Plants

Agave

Agave or Aloe Vera (several hundred Agave species) These edible plants have large clusters of thick, fleshy leaves borne close to the ground and surrounding a central stalk. The plants flower only once, then die. They produce a massive flower stalk. Where to Find: Agaves prefer dry, open areas. They…
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Edible Wild Plants

Acacia

Acacia (Acacia farnesiana or Vachellia farnesiana) Acacia (also known as Needle Bush) is a spreading, usually short tree with spines and alternate compound leaves. Its individual leaflets are small. Its flowers are ball-shaped, bright yellow, and very fragrant. Its bark is a whitish-gray color. Its fruits are dark brown and…
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Edible Wild Plants

Abal

Abal (Calligonum comosum) The abal is one of the few shrubby plants that exist in the shady deserts. This plant grows to about meters (4 feet), and its branches look like wisps from a broom. The stiff, green branches produce an abundance of flowers in March and April. Where to…
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