Edible Wild Plants

Daylily

Daylily (Hemerocallis fulva) The Daylily plant has unspotted, tawny blossoms that open for 1 day only. It has long, swordlike, green basal leaves. Its root is a mass of swollen and elongated tubers.  Its flowers are orange-red with a pale central line.  The fruit is a three-valved capsule which splits…
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Edible Wild Plants

Date palm

Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) The date palm is a tall, unbranched tree with a crown of huge, compound leaves. It can grow singly or sometimes forming a clump with several stems from a single root system.  The leaves are long with spines.  Its fruit. called “dates”, is yellow when ripe.…
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Edible Wild Plants

Dandelion – the easy-to-identify (and find) edible plant

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) Many are surprised to find that the Dandelion plant is edible.  The Dandelion grows from unbranched taproots and produces more than 10 stems on each plant.  The stems, which are sparsely covered with short hairs, are slightly purplish and produce flowerheads that are typically taller than the…
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Edible Wild Plants

Cuipo tree

Cuipo tree (Cavanillesia platanifolia) The Cuipo (pronounced “kwee-po”) tree is a very dominant and easily detected tree because it extends high above the other trees – above the canopy. Its height ranges from 45 to 60 meters (149 to 198 feet) and the trunk appears to be “swollen” at the…
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Edible Wild Plants

Crowberry

Crowberry (Empetrum nigrum) The Crowberry plant is a creeping, matted, perennial evergreen shrub with short, light-green needlelike leaves. The leaves are deeply grooved beneath with the edges rolled under. The purplish crimson flowers are small and ordinary looking.  It has small, shiny, black berries that remain on the bush throughout…
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Edible Wild Plants

Cranberry

Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) The cranberry plant is a low, creeping shrub growing up to 7 feet long and 2-8 inches high.  This plant has slender, wiry stems that are not thickly wooded and have small, tiny evergreen leaves arranged alternately. Its stem creeps along the ground. Its flowers are dark…
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Edible Wild Plants

Jujube

Common jujube (Ziziphus jujuba) The common jujube is either a deciduous tree growing to a height of 12 meters (40 feet) or a large shrub, depending upon where it grows and how much water is available for growth. Its branches are usually spiny with shiny-green, oval leaves with three veins…
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Edible Wild Plants

Coconut

Coconut (Cocos nucifera) The versatile Coconut palm tree (or cocoanut as it used to be spelled)  has a single, narrow, tall trunk with a cluster of very large leaves at the top. Each leaf may be over 6 meters (20 feet) long with over 100 pairs of leaflets.  Old leaves…
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Edible Wild Plants

Chufa

Chufa (Cyperus esculentus) This very common plant has a triangular stem and grass-like leaves that are very tough and fibrous. It grows to a height of 20 to 60 centimeters (8 to 24 inches). The mature plant has a soft, distinctive fur-like bloom, with a cluster of flat oval seeds,…
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Edible Wild Plants

Chicory

Chicory (Cichorium intybus) The edible Chicory is a woody plant growing up to meters (6 feet) tall. It is also known as blue sailors, succory, coffeeweed, and sometimes cornflower.  It has unlobed, pointed leaves clustered at the base of a tough, grooved, and more or less hairy stem and some…
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Edible Wild Plants

Chestnut

Chestnut (Castanea sativa) The edible European chestnut (also known as Sweet Chestnut or Marron) is usually a large tree, up to 18 meters (60 feet) in height with oblong, boldly toothed leaves.  The flowers are upright catkins (slim, cylindrical flower clusters) with male flowers in the upper part and female…
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Surviving the Environment

Cereus Cactus

Cereus (Cereus species) These cacti are tall and narrow with angled stems and numerous spines. Where to Find: They may be found in true deserts and other dry, open, sunny areas throughout the Caribbean region, Central America, and the western United States. Edible Parts: The fruits are edible, but some…
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Edible Wild Plants

Cattail – this edible plant is also an excellent source of weaving material, tinder, and insect repellent

Cattail (Typha latifolia) Cattails (also known as Bulrush, Common Bulrush, Broadleaf Cattail, Common Cattail, Great Reedmace, Cooper's reed,Cumbungi) are grass-like plants with strap-shaped leaves 1 to 5 centimeters (1/4 to 2 inches) wide and growing up to meters (6 feet) tall. They are very densely packed with stiff, strap-like, grayish-green…
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Edible Wild Plants

Cashew Nut

Cashew Nut (Anacardium occidentale) The cashew is a spreading evergreen tree growing to a height of 12 meters (40 feet), with leaves up to 20 centimeters (8 inches) long and 10 centimeters (4 inches) wide. Its trunk is often irregularly shaped and its flowers are yellowish-pink. The leaves of the…
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Edible Wild Plants

Carob Tree

Carob Tree (Ceratonia siliqua) This large tree has a spreading crown. Its leaves are compound and alternate. Its edible seedpods, also known as Saint John's bread, are up to 45 centimeters (18 inches) long and are filled with round, hard seeds and a thick pulp. Where to Find: This tree…
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Edible Wild Plants

Canna Lily

Canna Lily (Canna indica) Also known as saka siri, Indian shot, canna, bandera, chancle, coyol, or platanillo.  The canna lily is a coarse perennial herb, 90 centimeters (36 inches) to 3 meters (10 feet) tall. The plant grows from a large, thick, underground rootstock that is edible. Its large leaves…
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Edible Wild Plants

Burl Palm

Burl Palm (or Cabbage Palm) (Corypha elata or Corypha utan) This tree may reach 18 meters (60 feet) in height. It has large, fan-shaped leaves up to 3 meters (10 feet) long and split into about 100 narrow segments. It bears flowers in huge dusters at the top of the…
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Edible Wild Plants

Burdock

Burdock (Arctium lappa) This plant has wavy-edged, arrow-shaped leaves and flower heads in burrlike clusters. It grows up to 2 meters (7 feet) tall, with purple or pink flowers and a large, fleshy root. Where to FInd: Burdock is found worldwide in the north temperate zone. Look for it in…
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Edible Wild Plants

Breadfruit

Breadfruit (Artocarpus incisa or Artocarpus altilis) The Breadfruit is a flowering tree with large, thick #160; This tree may grow up to 9 meters (30 feet) tall. It has dark green, deeply divided leaves that are 75 centimeters (29 inches) long and 30 centimeters (12 inches) wide. Its fruits are…
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Edible Wild Plants

Blackberry, raspberry, or dewberry

Blackberry, raspberry, or dewberry (Rubus) Rubus includes several closely related species including Blackberry, raspberry, and #160; These plants have prickly stems (canes) that grow upward, arching back toward the ground. The stems are typically woody with prickles and often tipped with tiny #160; They have alternate, usually compound leaves. Their…
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Edible Wild Plants

Bignay

Bignay (Antidesma bunius) Bignay (also known as bugnay, bignai, and currant tree) is a shrub or small tree, 3 to 12 meters (10 to 40 feet) tall, with shiny, oval shaped, pointed, leathery leaves about 15 centimeters (6 inches) long and 2 inches #160; The leaves are attached to the…
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Edible Wild Plants

Beech

Beech (Fagus) Beech trees are large (9 to 24 meters ), symmetrical forest trees that have smooth, light-gray bark and dark green foliage. The leaves of the Beech tree are sparsely toothed and the fruit is small, sharply three-angled #160; The character of its bark, plus its clusters of prickly…
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Edible Wild Plants

Bearberry

Bearberry or Kinnikinnick (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi) This plant is a common evergreen shrub with reddish, scaly bark and thick, leathery leaves 4 centimeters (1 1/2 inches) long and 1 centimeter (1/2 inch) wide. The leaves are shiny, small, and feel thick and #160; The underside of the leaf is lighter green…
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Edible Wild Plants

Batoko Plum

Batoko Plum (Flacourtia inermis) The Batoko Plum (also known as ramontchi, governor’s plum, or Indian plum) shrub or small tree has a spiny trunk and dark green, alternate, simple, oval leaves attached to drooping branches. The shrub can grow up to 25 feet #160; Its fruits are bright red and…
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