Edible Wild Plants

Tamarind

Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) The tamarind (also known as Tamon) is a medium to large, densely branched tree. It grows up to 25 meters (75 feet) tall. The crown of the tree has a vase-shaped outline of dense #160; Its has pinnate leaves (divided like a feather) that are bright green…
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Edible Wild Plants

Sweetsop

Sweetsop (Annona squamosa) This tree is small, seldom more than 6 meters (18 feet) tall, with many irregularly spreading, light brown branches growing off a short trunk. The branches have visible leaf scars with twigs that become brown with small, oval, rounded, light brown spots on the stem or branch…
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Edible Wild Plants

Sugar palm

Sugar palm (Arenga pinnata) The Sugar Palm (also known as Arenga Palm, Areng palm, Black-fiber palm, Gomuti Palm, Black Sugar Palm, Aren, Areng Palm, Enau, Irok, and Kaong) tree grows about 15 meters (45 feet) high and has huge leaves up to 6 meters (18 feet) long. The trunk is…
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Edible Wild Plants

Sugarcane – how to identify sugarcane and use as a nutritious food source

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) Sugarcane is a tropical, perennial grass that forms shoots at the base to produce unbranched stems with clearly marked segments.  The sugarcane plant grows up to meters (15 feet) tall with stems 1-2 inches thick. It has broad, grass-like leaves that grow alternately from the stem and…
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Edible Wild Plants

Strawberry

Strawberry (Fragaria species) Strawberry is a small, low growing plant with a three-leaved growth pattern with coarsely serrated edges growing on short, scaly #160; The terminal tooth on the leaf will be smaller than the other serrated #160;  It has small, white flowers, typically with 5-6 petals, growing solitary on…
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Edible Wild Plants

Sterculia

Sterculia (Sterculia foetida) Sterculias, also known as jangli badam, bastard poon trees, hazel sterculia, and wild almond tree, are tall, straight trees, rising in some instances to 30 meters (90 feet). Branches are arranged in a circular or spiral pattern and spread #160; Their leaves are crowded at the end…
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Edible Wild Plants

Sorghum

Sorghum (Sorghum species) There are many different kinds of sorghum, all of which bear grains in heads at the top of the plants. The grains are brown, white, red, or black. Sorghum is the main food crop in many parts of the world. Sorghum has many names including Durra, Egyptian…
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Edible Wild Plants

Sheep sorrel

Sheep sorrel (Rumex acetosella) Sheep Sorrel, also known as red sorrel, sour weed, and field sorrel, is a perennial weed that grows on an upright stem that is slender and reddish in #160; These plants are seldom more than 30 centimeters (12 inches) tall. They have alternate, arrow shaped leaves…
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Edible Wild Plants

Sea orach

Sea orach (Atriplex halimus) The sea orach (also known as Shrubby Orache, Saltbush)  is a sparingly branched herbaceous plant with small, gray-colored leaves up to centimeters (1 inch) long. It is an evergreen shrub growing 6-9 feet #160; Sea orach resembles lamb's quarter, a common weed in most gardens in…
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Edible Wild Plants

Screw pine

Screw pine or Screwpine (Pandanus species) The screw pine is a strange plant on stilts, or prop roots, that support the plant above ground so that it appears suspended in midair. These plants are either shrubby or treelike, 3 to 9 meters (9 to 27 feet) tall, with a broad…
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Edible Wild Plants

Saxaul

Saxaul (Haloxylon ammodendron) The saxaul plant is found either as a small tree or as a large shrub with heavy, coarse wood and spongy, water-soaked bark. The branches of the young trees are vivid green (new growth) and hanging and turn brown, gray, or white as the tree #160; The…
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Edible Wild Plants

Sassafras

Sassafras (Sassafras albidum) The Sassafras tree grows to about 10 feet tall with a crown of many slender #160; The Sassafras’ bark is thick, dark reddish brown, with deep ruts or #160; New stems are bright yellowish green and turn reddish brown as they #160; This shrub or small tree…
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Edible Wild Plants

Sago palm – where to find and which parts are edible

Sago palm (Metroxylon sagu) Sago palms are low, multi-stemmed trees, rarely over 9 meters (27 feet) tall, with a stout, spiny trunk.  It has typical palm-like leaves clustered at the tip. Each stem supports around 20 leaves spread in a fan-like manner. Each leaf is composed of 150-180 leaflets.  The stem…
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Edible Wild Plants

Rose apple

Rose apple (Eugenia jambos, Syzygium jambos) The Rose Apple tree (also known as Malabar Plum, Plum Rose, Water Apple) grows 3 to 9 meters (9 to 27 feet) high. It is typically a low-branching shrub with smooth dark brown #160; It has smooth, opposite, simple, dark green (red while growing),…
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Edible Wild Plants

Rock tripe

Rock tripe (Umbilicaria species) The Rock Tripe plant is a lichen that forms large patches with curling edges. The top of the plant is usually black. The underside is lighter in #160; It typically grows on rocks. Where to Find: Look on rocks and boulders for this plant. It is…
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Edible Wild Plants

Reindeer moss

Reindeer moss/lichen (Cladonia rangiferina) Reindeer moss (also known as Reindeer Lichen or Caribou Moss) is a light-colored, low-growing plant only a few centimeters tall. It grows very slowly at a rate of only a few millimeters per #160; Reindeer Moss has many branches with each branch dividing into 3-4 additional…
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Edible Wild Plants

Reed

Reed (Phragmites australis) The Reed is a large, tall, coarse perennial (comes back year after year) grass that grows to meters (12 feet) tall and has long gray-green leaves about 4 centimeters (1 1/2 inch) wide and 1-2 feet long. It has large clusters of dark purple or brown flower…
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Edible Wild Plants

Purslane

Purslane (Portulaca oleracea) The Purslane plant, also known as Verdolaga, Pigweed, Little Hogweed, and Pusley, is one of the most healthy “weeds” you can eat.  It grows and spreads close to the ground forming a dense mat and is seldom more than a few centimeters tall. Its smooth reddish stems…
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Edible Wild Plants

Prickly pear cactus

Prickly pear cactus (Opuntia species) The Prickly Pear (or Paddle) cactus has flat, padlike stems that are green. The Prickly Pear has two kinds of spines – hard, fixed spines and small, hairlike prickles that easily penetrate the skin and detach from the plant.  The plants grow in dense, tangled…
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Edible Wild Plants

Pokeweed

Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana) The Pokeweed plan, also known as Virginia Poke, American Nightshade, Cancer Jalap, Coakum Garget, Inkberry, Pigeon Berry, Pokerood, Pokeberry, Redweed, Scoke, and Red Ink Plant, may grow as high as 3 meters (9 feet). It has a large white taproot and green or pinkish red (as it…
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Edible Wild Plants

Plantain, broad and narrow leaf – many uses including food and medicine

Plantain, broad and narrow leaf (Plantago species) Plantains come in two types – broad leaf and narrow leaf.  The broad leaf plantain has leaves over centimeters (1 inch) across with parallel veins that are spread wider at the broad part of the leaf.  The plantain leaves grow in a cluster…
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Edible Wild Plants

Pine trees – pine provides a bounty of uses in survival situations

Pine (Pinus species) Pine trees are easily recognized by their needle-like leaves grouped in bundles. Each bundle may contain one to five needles, the number varying among species. They are a resinous tree growing up to 250 feet tall. The tree's odor and sticky sap provide a simple way to…
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