Edible Wild Plants

Wild fig – how to identify figs and prepare for food

Wild fig (Ficus species) Collectively known as “fig trees” or “figs”, there are nearly 1,000 species of Ficus ranging from woody trees to shrubs and vines.  Most are of the “strangler” variety, with aerial root systems, and hence easy to identify.  The sticky seeds are spread by birds to other…
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Edible Wild Plants

Wild caper

Wild caper (Capparis aphylla) Wild Caper, also known as Kerda, Kair, Karir, Kirir, and Karril, is a small branched tree or thorny shrub that bears many thin, often tangled looking, leafless branches and grows to a height of about 15 #160; Leaves are usually only found on young shoots and…
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Edible Wild Plants

Water plantain

Water plantain (Alisma plantago-aquatica) The Water-plantain plant, also known as Mad-dog weed, has small, white flowers and heart-shaped leaves with pointed tips. It has a fibrous root and several long-stemmed leaves with a triangular shaped #160; The leaves are clustered at the base of the #160; The plant produces many…
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Edible Wild Plants

Water lily

Water lily (Nymphaea odorata) Water Lily plants, also known as Beaver Root, are aquatic plants that are rooted in the mud from branched roots with long stems and have large, round (typically notched) leaves that float on the surface of the #160; The Water Lily’s leaves have a waxy, waterproof…
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Edible Wild Plants

Water lettuce

Water lettuce (Ceratopteris species) Water Lettuce, also known as Water Fern or Watersprite, is an aquatic or subaquatic fern buoyed via internal air pockets in its #160; The soft, pale green to brown (color depends upon how much light it receives) leaves of water lettuce are much like lettuce and…
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Edible Wild Plants

Water Caltrop

Water Caltrop (Trapa natans) The water Caltrop (also known as Water Chestnut, Buffalo Nut, Bat Nut, Devil Pod, and Singhara) is an aquatic plant that roots in the mud and has finely divided leaves that grow underwater. The Waster Chestnut stem grows 12-15 feet in length and is anchored to…
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Edible Wild Plants

Walnut

Walnut (Juglans species) Walnuts grow on very large trees, often reaching 18 meters (54 feet) tall, with some growing as high as 40 meters (130 feet) tall. Walnut trees often have divided (split or forked) trunks with wide-spread crowns of foliage at the top of the #160; Walnut trees have…
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Edible Wild Plants

Tropical almond

Tropical almond (Terminalia catappa) The Tropical Almond tree, also known as Indian Almond, Seas Almond Tree, and False Kamani, grows up to 35 meters (115 feet) tall. The tree has a smooth or grooved trunk and a symmetrical crown with horizontal branches and broad, glossy dark green leaves that are…
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Edible Wild Plants

Tree fern

Tree fern (Various genera) Tree ferns are tall trees with long, slender trunks that often have a very rough, bark-like covering. The fronds unfold and are large and multiple-pinnate (feather like).  Large, lacy leaves uncoil from the top of the #160; The leaves may be covered in scales with spore…
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Edible Wild Plants

Ti

Ti (Cordyline terminalis or Cordyline fruticosa) The ti plant (also known as Cabbage Palm, Good Luck Plant, and Palm Lily) is a woody, palm-like plant that has unbranched stems with strap-like leaves often clustered at the tip of the stem. The leaves vary in color and may be glossy green,…
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Edible Wild Plants

Thistle

Thistle (Cirsium species) This plant may grow as high as meters (5 feet). It has erect stems, typically with spine-tipped wings, and greyish green leaves that are long-pointed, spear-shaped, deeply lobed, and #160; Disk flower heads grow at the end of the branches, on an enlarged, green spiny base, and…
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Edible Wild Plants

Tamarind

Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) The tamarind (also known as Tamon) is a medium to large, densely branched tree. It grows up to 25 meters (75 feet) tall. The crown of the tree has a vase-shaped outline of dense #160; Its has pinnate leaves (divided like a feather) that are bright green…
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Edible Wild Plants

Sweetsop

Sweetsop (Annona squamosa) This tree is small, seldom more than 6 meters (18 feet) tall, with many irregularly spreading, light brown branches growing off a short trunk. The branches have visible leaf scars with twigs that become brown with small, oval, rounded, light brown spots on the stem or branch…
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Edible Wild Plants

Sugar palm

Sugar palm (Arenga pinnata) The Sugar Palm (also known as Arenga Palm, Areng palm, Black-fiber palm, Gomuti Palm, Black Sugar Palm, Aren, Areng Palm, Enau, Irok, and Kaong) tree grows about 15 meters (45 feet) high and has huge leaves up to 6 meters (18 feet) long. The trunk is…
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Edible Wild Plants

Sugarcane – how to identify sugarcane and use for food

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) Sugarcane is a tropical, perennial grass that forms shoots at the base to produce unbranched stems with clearly marked segments.  This plant grows up to meters (15 feet) tall with stems 1-2 inches thick. It has broad, grass-like leaves that grow alternately from the stem and have…
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Edible Wild Plants

Strawberry

Strawberry (Fragaria species) Strawberry is a small, low growing plant with a three-leaved growth pattern with coarsely serrated edges growing on short, scaly #160; The terminal tooth on the leaf will be smaller than the other serrated #160;  It has small, white flowers, typically with 5-6 petals, growing solitary on…
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Edible Wild Plants

Sterculia

Sterculia (Sterculia foetida) Sterculias, also known as jangli badam, bastard poon trees, hazel sterculia, and wild almond tree, are tall, straight trees, rising in some instances to 30 meters (90 feet). Branches are arranged in a circular or spiral pattern and spread #160; Their leaves are crowded at the end…
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Edible Wild Plants

Sorghum

Sorghum (Sorghum species) There are many different kinds of sorghum, all of which bear grains in heads at the top of the plants. The grains are brown, white, red, or black. Sorghum is the main food crop in many parts of the world. Sorghum has many names including Durra, Egyptian…
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Edible Wild Plants

Sheep sorrel

Sheep sorrel (Rumex acetosella) Sheep Sorrel, also known as red sorrel, sour weed, and field sorrel, is a perennial weed that grows on an upright stem that is slender and reddish in #160; These plants are seldom more than 30 centimeters (12 inches) tall. They have alternate, arrow shaped leaves…
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