Edible Wild Plants

Flax plant – the many uses of the flax plant in the wild

Flax plant identification The flax plant is an excellent source of food, natural fibers, and oils. Flax grows to about 4-feet tall and 2-feet wide. Leaves are wider in the middle and shaped like a lance tip and grow alternating on the stalk. Leaves are typically bluish, pale green, 1…
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Edible Wild Plants

Preparing acorns to be a nutritious source of food

Acorns as source of food Many people are not aware that acorns are edible.  Acorns are high in protein, fiber, carbohydrates, fats, calcium, and other minerals and with tannins removed, they offer a sweetish taste making them an excellent option for use in stews and breads. The best tasting acorns come…
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Firecraft

How to build an efficient fire using a single log – the Swedish Fire Torch

The Swedish Fire Torch, also known as a Canadian Candle, is a simple and efficient method to make a fire using a single log.  In addition to being easy to ignite and control, it is small and compact, burns long (is a self-feeding fire method) and provides not only excellent…
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Firecraft

When it comes to fire tinder in a survival situation, you have dozens of resources available

As any good survivalist knows, when caught in a survival situation, one of the first tasks at hand will be to build a fire.  In addition to knowing how to construct a fire in the wilderness, you're going to have to have the appropriate resources available which includes not only…
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Food Preparation

Easy recipe for healthy, high calorie Survival Food Bars

Here's a treat for survivalists, backpackers, hikers, or anyone else looking for a dense, high-calorie food source that is non-perishable, easy to transport, and healthy. These “survival bars” can be cut into 2 inch by 2 inch squares and provide approximately 600 calories, 10 grams of fat, 25 grams of…
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Farming

Build a cheap min-greenhouse out of old shelving units

A greenhouse is great for starting off young seedlings or growing plants year-round. By utilizing transparent barriers around the greenhouse framework, solar radiation is allowed to enter the greenhouse (heating it up) while retaining heat and moisture needed for optimal plant growth. Here's how to build a simple, and cheap,…
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Animal Food

Eat bugs for survival? The U.N. says it’s a good idea in new promotion for Entomophagy

The has begun promoting edible insects as a low-fat, high protein food for people, pets, and livestock. According to the , they come with appetizing side benefits: reducing greenhouse gas emissions, creating jobs in developing countries, and feeding millions of hungry people around the world. And yes, bugs can be…
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Farming

Is human waste OK to use for compost or fertilizer?

Any farmer will tell you that when it comes to efficiently growing food, compost is "black gold".  But some fear that fertilizer or compost made from human waste could be at risk of containing heavy metals, pathogens, or pharmaceuticals causing many environmentalists to consider it unsafe for enhancing plant growth.…
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How to build an elevated, raised Bog Ken shelter in the wilderness

For many reasons it is sometimes necessary or advisable to build one's survival shelter raised off the ground. Especially is this true in the more tropical countries where noxious snakes and insects abound. A simple form of raised shelter is shown by Fig. 63. To build this shelter we must…
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Firecraft

Making Char Cloth (charcloth) – the essential outdoors firestarting material

Char cloth (or charred cloth) is a swatch of fabric made from vegetable linen, such as cotton, that has been converted ( decomposed using a process call pyrolysis) into a slow-burning fuel of very low ignition temperature.  A single, small spark placed on char cloth will ignite the cloth which…
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Firecraft

Alcohol burning cat food can stove – easy to make, easy to carry

A Cat Food Can Stove is probably one of the easiest cooking stoves to make. In addition, it is lightweight and foolproof.  It never clogs and there are no moving parts to break.  They burn ethanol or methanol alcohol so finding fuel is easy.  Simply pour alcohol-based fuel in it…
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Firecraft

Survival fire principles (introduction to “firecraft”)

Introduction to Firecraft In survival situations, the ability to build and light a fire can make the difference between life and death. You can use fire to purify water, sterilize bandages, signal for rescue, drive animals from their homes, efficiently modify the landscape, smoke and preserve food, softening tar for…
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General and Overview

Plants as Food

Introduction After having solved the problems of finding water, shelter, and animal food, you will have to consider the use of plants you can eat. In a survival situation you should always be on the lookout for familiar wild foods and live off the land whenever possible. You must not…
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General and Overview

Animal Food

Introduction One of man's most urgent requirements is food. In contemplating virtually any hypothetical survival situation, the mind immediately turns to thoughts of food. Unless the situation occurs in an arid environment, even water, which is more important to maintaining body functions, will usually follow food in our initial thoughts.…
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Firecraft

How to start a fire in the wild (using bow drill, hand drill, flint, and other methods)

Tips for Lighting Fires Always light your fire from the upwind side. Make sure you lay the tinder, kindling, and fuel so that your fire will burn as long as you need it. Igniters provide the initial heat required to start the tinder burning. They fall into two categories: modern…
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Shelters

How to build a belowground shelter to provide protection from the elements

The advantages and disadvantages of a belowground shelter A belowground (underground) shelter provides many advantages over an above-ground structure.  A belowground shelter can not only insulate you from the cold, it can reduce the midday heat as much as 16 to 22 degrees C (30 to 40 degrees F).  A…
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Shelters

Desert Shelters

Desert Shelters In the dry, arid, desert environment, consider the time, effort, and material needed to make a shelter. Any unneeded body movement will consume precious #160; You want your desert shelter to be effective but simple to construct. If you have material such as a poncho, canvas, or a…
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Shelters

Beach Shade Shelter

Beach Shade Shelter The beach shade shelter protects you from the sun, wind, rain, and heat. It is easy to make using natural materials found in a beach environment. Follow these steps to build a beach shade shelter. Find and collect driftwood or other natural material to use as support…
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Shelters

Three-Pit Snow Shelter

Tree-Pit Snow Shelter If you are in a cold, deep, snow-covered area where evergreen trees grow and you have a digging tool, you can make a tree-pit snow shelter. Follow these steps to build a Tree-Pit Snow Shelter. Find a tree with bushy branches that provides overhead cover. Dig out…
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Shelters

Debris Hut Shelter

Debris Hut For warmth and ease of construction, the debris hut is one of the best. When shelter is essential to survival, and time is of the essence, build this shelter. Follow these steps to build a Debris Hut shelter. Make a tripod with two short stakes and a long…
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Shelters

Swamp Bed

Swamp Bed In a marsh or swamp, or any area with standing water or continually wet ground, the swamp bed keeps you out of the water. When selecting such a site, consider the weather, wind, tides, and available materials. To make a swamp bed, you should: Look for four trees…
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