Navigation

How to make a compass in the wilderness for daytime navigation

Navigation at night can easily be accomplished via stars and constellations but during the day, you must have an alternative means to determine north and south.  The easiest way is to construct a simple compass. Components and magnetism A compass acts as a pointer to magnetic north because the magnetized…
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Navigation

How to read and use a topographic map in a survival situation

Use of a topographic map in a survival situation Topographic maps describe the shape of the land and can be used (along with a compass) to help you locate natural and man-made features like woodlands, waterways, important buildings, and bridges.  The information derived from a topographic map can help you locate…
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Navigation

Using a magnetic compass and triangulation to calculate the distance of a faraway object

In the wilderness, it is sometimes useful to be able to calculate the distance to a faraway object. Using a compass and basic trigonometry (don’t worry, we’ll show you how), you can easily estimate the distance to a faraway object.  This is possible using principles of geometry and triangulation –…
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Navigation

Using a Map and Compass

Parts of a Compass Most compasses have markings similar to these: (1) baseplate, (2) glow in the dark pointer, (3) ruler, (4) needle, (5) orienting lines, (6) direction of travel arrow, (7) index line, (8) declination scale, (9) orienting arrow, (10) housing, (11) dial, (12) scales Baseplate: the hard surface…
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Navigation

How to use the stars for navigation (in northern and southern hemispheres)

In a wilderness survival situation, you can determine direction using “markers” in the sky, constellations and key stars, that point the way North or South.  The astronomical objects to use are dependent upon your location – Northern Hemisphere or Southern Hemisphere. The Northern Sky (Northern Hemisphere) In the northern hemisphere,…
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