Weather

How to escape a car that has been submerged under water

About 400 people die each year from drowning inside their own submerged vehicles. Here’s how to escape a car submerged under water. Prepare for impact First, if time permits, prepare yourself for the impact. The total area of an automobile causes enough resistance to the surface of the water that…
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Signaling

How to communicate with Morse code (using visual, audio, and pressure forms of communication)

About Morse Code Morse code (not "Morris code") is a method of transmitting textual messages using a series of patterns.  Each text unit in the pattern can be represented (or reproduced) using on-off tones (sound), flashing lights, or clicks representing "dots" and "dashes" (known as dits and dahs).  The traditional…
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Signaling

How to use hand and arm signals (visual signaling) to communicate silently

In a military or survival situation where silence must be maintained in order to mask your presence from an enemy, foe, or target, several types of non-verbal communication (visual signals) are available including flags, pyrotechnic, chemical lights, ground-to-air signals, and hand and arm signals. The United States Army Field Manual 21-60 lays out the…
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Navigation

How to read and use a topographic map in a survival situation

Use of a topographic map in a survival situation Topographic maps describe the shape of the land and can be used (along with a compass) to help you locate natural and man-made features like woodlands, waterways, important buildings, and bridges.  The information derived from a topographic map can help you locate…
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Navigation

Using a magnetic compass and triangulation to calculate the distance of a faraway object

In the wilderness, it is sometimes useful to be able to calculate the distance to a faraway object. Using a compass and basic trigonometry (don’t worry, we’ll show you how), you can easily estimate the distance to a faraway object.  This is possible using principles of geometry and triangulation –…
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Weather

How to Survive Extreme Weather

Extreme Weather Conditions Whether global warming or a natural cycle of atmospheric change, the worldwide weather patterns have worsened substantially.  Global average surface temperature has increased steadily since 1970.  Precipitation patterns have changed around the world and after 2,000 years of little change, sea levels have risen by 8 inches with…
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Navigation

Using a Map and Compass

Parts of a Compass Most compasses have markings similar to these: (1) baseplate, (2) glow in the dark pointer, (3) ruler, (4) needle, (5) orienting lines, (6) direction of travel arrow, (7) index line, (8) declination scale, (9) orienting arrow, (10) housing, (11) dial, (12) scales Baseplate: the hard surface…
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Signaling

How to use signaling techniques in a survival situation to flag down a rescuer

Signaling Techniques One of your first concerns when you find yourself in a survival situation is to communicate with your friends or allies. Generally, communication is the giving and receiving of information. In a survival situation, you must first get your rescuer's attention, then second, send a message your rescuer…
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Movement

Water Crossings – how to cross deadly water obstacles in a survival situation

Expedient Water Crossings In a survival situation, you may have to cross a water obstacle. It may be in the form of a river, a stream, a lake, a bog, quicksand, quagmire, or muskeg. Even in the desert, flash floods occur, making streams an obstacle. Whatever the obstacle, you need…
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Water Survival

Sea Survival

Sea survival is perhaps the most difficult survival situation. Short- or long-term survival depends upon rations, equipment available, and your ingenuity. You must be resourceful to survive. Water covers about 75 percent of the earth's surface, with about 70 percent being oceans and seas. You can assume that you will…
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Cold Weather Survival

Cold weather survival – everything you need to know to survive in a cold environment

Introduction to Cold Weather Survival One of the most difficult survival situations is a cold weather scenario. Remember, cold weather is an adversary that can be as dangerous as anything else you can encounter. Every time you venture into the cold, you are pitting yourself against the elements. With a…
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Tropic Survival

Tropical Survival

Introduction to Tropical Survival Most people think of the tropics as a huge and forbidding tropical rain forest through which every step taken must be hacked out, and where every inch of the way is crawling with danger. Actually, over half of the land in the tropics is cultivated in…
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Desert Survival

How to survive in extreme, hot conditions (desert survival)

To survive and evade in hot, arid or desert areas, you must understand and prepare for the environment you will face. You must determine your equipment needs, the tactics you will use, and how the environment will affect you and your tactics. Your survival will depend upon your knowledge of…
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Surviving the Environment

Cereus Cactus

Cereus (Cereus species) These cacti are tall and narrow with angled stems and numerous spines. Where to Find: They may be found in true deserts and other dry, open, sunny areas throughout the Caribbean region, Central America, and the western United States. Edible Parts: The fruits are edible, but some…
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