Tracking and Signs

How to identify Black Bear tracks and signs

About Black Bear Black bears, a medium-sized bear, are omnivores with diets that vary greatly depending on season and location. They typically live in largely forested areas, but will leave forests in search of food. Sometimes black bears are attracted to human communities because of the immediate availability of food. The American black…
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Tracking and Signs

How to track a person in the wilderness – and avoid being tracked by a human being yourself

To track a human being, make sure you first understand how to track an animal. The concepts involved are similar except of course, you are dealing with a person which is a much smarter target and thus, will attempt to use deception to throw you off the trail. Preparing to…
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Overviews

Animal Tracking and Signs guide – how to track any animal (even people)

Tracks and signs (collectively termed “spoor” by trackers) include any kind of mark or disturbance left by the passing or activity of an animal or person. Because anything that touches an object leaves a trace, tracks and signs can be found everywhere.  With knowledge and practice (tracking animals is both…
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Tracking and Signs

How to identify mule deer tracks and signs

  About Mule deer Mule deer are indigenous to western North America and are named for their large ears.  Unlike the related White-tailed deer, mule deer are generally more association with land west of the Missouri River, more specifically with the Rocky Mountain region of North America.  The most noticeable…
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Tracking and Signs

How to identify white-tailed deer tracks and signs

  About White-tailed deer White-tailed deer are native to the United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, and South America.  White-tail deer have also been introduced to New Zealand, Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Bermuda, Bahamas, Lesser Antilles, and some countries in Europe, such as Finland, the Czech Republic, and Serbia. …
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Survival News

Jade Helm 15 military operation – what you need to know about the historic military exercise to be conducted on civilian soil

See here for detailed article explaining Jade Helm and the controversy surrounding the historic military exercise to take place on civilian soil. Known as: Jade Helm or Jade Helm 15 Jade Helm operation motto: Master the Human Domain” Purpose: Not known. Said to be (1) exercise to condition special operations forces…
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Commercial Products

New Leatherman Tread bracelet combines 25 tools into a functional wearable multi-tool

Finally, a functional multi-tool that can be worn on the wrist and act as a watchband – and it looks great too. The Leatherman Tread is constructed of high strength, corrosion resistant 17-4 stainless steel and incorporates 2-3 functional tools, including box wrenches, screwdrivers, glass breaker, punch tools, and cutting…
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Edible Wild Plants

Preparing acorns to be a nutritious source of food

Acorns as source of food Many people are not aware that acorns are edible.  Acorns are high in protein, fiber, carbohydrates, fats, calcium, and other minerals and with tannins removed, they offer a sweetish taste making them an excellent option for use in stews and breads. The best tasting acorns come…
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Hostile Areas

How to protect against gas (chemical) and viral (biological) attacks – respirators prove key to survival

The importance of a respirator in a survival situation A respirator device is designed to protect the wearer from inhaling harmful dusts, fumes, vapors, or gases. Recent studies (2012) indicate that respirators even provide the best protection against airborne viruses. It is imperative however, that you understand the various types…
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Combat and Self Defense

Parts of the body that can be used as weapons, target areas, and immobilizing pressure points

Weapons of the Body In a close combat situation, many people consider the fists as the only weapon of the body. Fists are important in close combat, but in fact, there are many other body parts that can be used as an effective weapon in a combat situation. Hands and…
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Combat and Self Defense

The five tactical rules to follow in a close combat situation

The following are key tactical concepts that should be followed in a close combat situation. Each rule by itself is not a standalone idea but rather is intended to be combined with the other rules to achieve an effect that is greater than their separate sum. Achieving a Decision Achieving…
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Hostile Areas

Escape from zip ties? It’s not as hard as you think to escape from plastic handcuffs

Plastic handcuffs (aka FlexiCuffs, Riot Cuffs, or Zip Ties) are popular with military and law enforcement officials when mass arrests are expected. Consisting of either two interlocking straps or a single cable tied around both wrists, they are cheaper, easier to carry, and less likely to spread communicable disease (plastic…
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General Health

Making homemade deodorant in a survival situation

How to make deodorant We've frequently mentioned on Wilderness Arena, two important aspects of survival that many may find surprising – cleanliness and state of mind. Cleanliness is important because in a primitive survival situation, something as small as a minor injury or unsanitary condition can be deadly. State of…
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First Aid

The importance of soap and how to make it in a survival situation

When you find yourself in a wilderness survival situation, cleanliness and hygiene are often not at the top of your list of priorities – but they should be. Maintaining proper hygiene in a survival situation is much more than just a mental or emotional boost. While you’re battling elements you…
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Navigation

How to read and use a topographic map in a survival situation

Use of a topographic map in a survival situation Topographic maps describe the shape of the land and can be used (along with a compass) to help you locate natural and man-made features like woodlands, waterways, important buildings, and bridges.  The information derived from a topographic map can help you locate…
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Hostile Areas

Snipers – how they operate and how to avoid their gun sights

About professional snipers Professional snipers, particularly military-trained snipers, are well versed in marksmanship, field craft, reconnaissance, observation, surveillance, target acquisition and of course, camouflage.  Avoiding a sniper attack can be nearly impossible but by understanding how they work, and following a few simple avoidance tactics, it’s possible you may be…
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Firecraft

How to build an efficient fire using a single log – the Swedish Fire Torch

The Swedish Fire Torch, also known as a Canadian Candle, is a simple and efficient method to make a fire using a single log.  In addition to being easy to ignite and control, it is small and compact, burns long (is a self-feeding fire method) and provides not only excellent…
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Survival News

Scientist say current solar activity cycle is weakest in over 100 years – weather impact unknown

Its production of magnetism, activity, and winds have great implications for our planet but hey, it’s a “variable star” and as such, conditions are known to change.  Unfortunately, scientists this week told reporters that the sun’s current space-weather cycle is the most anemic in over 100 years.  The situation is…
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Firecraft

When it comes to fire tinder in a survival situation, you have dozens of resources available

As any good survivalist knows, when caught in a survival situation, one of the first tasks at hand will be to build a fire.  In addition to knowing how to construct a fire in the wilderness, you're going to have to have the appropriate resources available which includes not only…
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Commercial Products

Gearward’s “Compact Survival Cord” rivals 550-paracord in strength and functionality

Survivalists recognize the importance of traditional 550 paracord. It’s strong, compact, easy to work with, and provides all the characteristic benefits of cordage that a survivalist requires to stay alive (hey, if it’s good enough to suspend a parachute, it’s good enough for me). Thus far, there’s been no true…
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Weapons in the Wild

How to make Napalm (recipe for simple homemade napalm)

Napalm is the generic name for the mixture of a flammable petroleum substance, typically diesel gasoline, with a thickening or gelling agent to give the fiery substance “sticky” properties. Napalm-like fiery substances have been used since early Greek times for war purposes (they called it "sticky fire"). Napalm as we…
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