Poisonous Animals

Puff adder snake

Puff adder Bitis arietans Description: Yellowish, light brown, or orange with chevron-shaped dark brown or black #160; Characteristics: The puff adder is the second largest of the dangerous vipers. It is one of the most common snakes in Africa. It is largely nocturnal, hunting at night and seeking shelter during…
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Hostile Areas

Survival in Man-Made Hazards

Survival In Man-Made Hazards Nuclear, chemical, and biological (NBC) weapons have become potential realities on any modern battlespace. Recent experience in Afghanistan, Cambodia, and other areas of conflict has proved the use of chemical and biological weapons (such as mycotoxins). The warfighting doctrine of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and…
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Hostile Areas

Camouflage – how to hide shape, color, noise, smell, and movement when stalking and anti-tracking

About camouflage In a survival situation, especially in a hostile environment, you may find it necessary to camouflage yourself, your equipment, and your movement. Effective camouflage may mean the difference between survival and capture by the enemy. Camouflage and movement techniques, such as stalking, will also help you obtain game…
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Hostile Areas

Surviving in hostile areas – how to evade, hide, and avoid capture

Survival movement in hostile areas Adversaries have made great progress in air defense measures and radio direction finder (RDF) techniques. You must assume that if trapped in a hostile area, you may not experience quick recovery by friendly elements. You may have to move for extended times and distances to…
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About Planning

Survival Planning – an introduction to surviving in the wild

Introduction to survival plannning A survival plan is critical to your ability to survive.  There are three components to a survival plan – planning, preparation, and practice.  By visiting the Wilderness Arena website, you have already taken the first step.  Planning is nothing more than understanding that a situation could…
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General and Overview

Food in a survival situation – edible plants, animals and rations to survive in the wild

Introduction You can live for several weeks without eating but regardless, food provides life-saving energy to your body and replenishes substances that your body burns during physical and mental activity.  The average person needs 2,000 calories per day to function at a minimum level.  Any less than this and your…
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Animals

Dangerous animals – complete guide to deadly creatures in the wilderness

Introduction The threat from animals is less than from other parts of the environment. However, common sense tells you to avoid encounters with lions, bears, and other large or dangerous animals. You should also avoid large grazing animals with horns, hooves, and great weight. Move carefully through their environment. Caution…
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Overviews

Poisonous Plants – an overview of plant poisoning and how to avoid being poisened

Successful use of plants in a survival situation depends on positive identification. Knowing poisonous plants is as important as knowing edible plants. Plants Poisoning Plants generally poison by: Contact. This contact with a poisonous plant causes any type of skin irritation or dermatitis. Ingestion. This occurs when a person eats…
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Firecraft

Survival fire principles (introduction to “firecraft”)

Introduction to Firecraft In survival situations, the ability to build and light a fire can make the difference between life and death. You can use fire to purify water, sterilize bandages, signal for rescue, drive animals from their homes, efficiently modify the landscape, smoke and preserve food, softening tar for…
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General Repair

Survival sewing – complete guide to sewing and repair in the wilderness

Survival Sewing Possessing the knowledge and ability to sew is an essential toolset if you are to survive in the wild for any extended period of time.  Clothing, shelter, shoes, and tools may need to be repaired and often those repairs require basic sewing technique. Starting and Ending a Stitch…
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Knots and Rope

Construction lashings and their use when building structures

Construction Lashings and Structures Lashings are used to firmly hold together two or more spars (poles, masts, scaffolding, legs, trestles, etc.)  There are numerous survival construction projects that require lashings for construction. Here is an example of lashings used to hold two posts together (details on how to create lashings…
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Poisonous Animals

Palestinian viper

Palestinian viper Vipera palaestinae Description: Olive to rusty brown with a dark V-shaped mark on the head and a brown, zigzag band along the back. Characteristics: The Palestinian viper is closely related to the Russell's viper of Asia. Like its cousin, it is extremely dangerous. It is active and aggressive…
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Poisonous Animals

McMahon’s viper

McMahon's viper Eristicophis macmahonii Description: Sandy buff color dominates the body, with darker brown spots on the side of the body. The nose shield is broad, aiding in burrowing. Characteristics: Very little is known about this species. It apparently is rare or seldom seen. This viper is very irritable; it…
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Poisonous Animals

Malayan pit viper

Malayan pit viper Callaselasma rhodostoma Description: Reddish running into pink tinge toward the belly with triangular-shaped, brown markings bordered with light-colored scales. The base of the triangular-shaped markings end at the midline. It has dark brown, arrow-shaped markings on the top and each side of its head. Characteristics: This snake…
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Poisonous Animals

Levant viper

Levant viper Vipera lebetina Description: Gray to pale brown with large dark brown spots on the top of the black and a characteristic mark on top of the head. Characteristics: This viper belongs to a large group of true vipers. Like its cousins, it is large and dangerous. Its venom…
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Poisonous Animals

Krait

Krait Bungarus caeruleus Description: Black or bluish-black with white narrow crossbands and a narrow head. Characteristics: Kraits are found only in Asia. This snake is of special concern to man. It is deadly—about 15 times more deadly than the common cobra. It is active at night and relatively passive during…
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